In the tumultuous late 60s and early 70s, a social movement known as the 'New Left' emerged as a major cultural influence, especially on the youth of America. It was a movement that embraced 'flower-power' and psychedelic 'consciousness-expansion', that lionized Ho Chi Minh and Fidel Castro and launched the Black Panthers and the Theater of the Absurd. In 'Return of the primitive', Ayn Rand identified the intellectual roots of this movement. She urged people to repudiate its mindless nihilism and to uphold, instead, a philosophy of reason, individualism, capitalism, and technological progress. Editor Peter Schwartz has reorganized Rand's essays and added some of his own in order to underscore the continuing relevance of her analysis of that period. He examines such current ideologies as feminism, environmentalism and multiculturalism and argues that the same primitive, tribalist, 'anti-industrial' mentality which animated the New Left a generation ago is shaping society today.